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Korea Korea, Republic of

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Forests of the Republic of Korea

Korea is a country with an area of 99,720㎢ and a forest cover of 63,960㎢, which is around 64 percent of the total area. Korea is home to 125 species of mammals, 552 species of birds, about 1,000 species of fishes, 21 species of amphibians, 32 species of reptiles, and 8,534 species of invertebrates. Korea’s flora consists of 4,384 species of plants.


The Republic of Korea is recognized as the only country that has successfully implemented economic growth alongside forest rehabilitation. As part of its environmental protection program, Korea executed an aggressive forest rehabilitation scheme from the 1970s to the 1980s. In 1973, the Korean government set up a 10-year National Forest Plan entitled, ‘Forest Rehabilitation Project’ to restore its denuded forests.
The country is recognized for its fast economic growth over the past decades, but it is also an unprecedented model in forest rehabilitation. Currently, the Korea Forest Service (KFS) is in charge of all forest-related responsibilities.


Based on the country’s successful reforestation, the Korea Forest Service has evolved and placed more emphasis on forest services and welfare. Under the title of “Green Welfare: From Cradle to Grave - Life with Forests,” the KFS will be establishing a Forest Welfare System which is adapted to each stage of a person’s life cycle. Korea has also increased participation in international reforestation and resources development around the world through the utilization of their reforestation experience in countering the adverse effects of Climate Change.