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Indonesia Indonesia AFoCo Projects in Indonesia

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Brunei Darussalam Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Viet Nam Korea

Forests of Indonesia

Of the total land area of 1,811,570㎢, Indonesia has a forest area of 930,620㎢, which is 52 percent of the total area.


Indonesia is home to the most diverse rainforest species and the richest biodiversity in the region. The country is listed as among the top 12-mega biodiverse countries in the world together with Malaysia. There are 515 species of mammals, 781 species of reptiles, 1,595 species of birds and 363 species of amphibians. Flora species of Indonesia consist of 31,746 species of plants. However, extensive logging, mining operations, large-scale agricultural plantations, colonization, and subsistence activities such as shifting agriculture and cutting for fuelwood have consistently threatened the country’s rich diversity.


Current national priorities in the forestry sector are identified as :
  1. Securing forest land;
  2. Forest rehabilitation and improvement of the carrying capacity of the watersheds;
  3. Forest guarding and forest fire controlling;
  4. Conservation of biodiversity;
  5. Revitalizing forest utilization and forest industry;
  6. Empowerment of communities living in and around forests;
  7. Mitigation and adaptation to climate change; and
  8. Institutional strengthening.

Three main objectives for managing forestland have been identified by the Indonesian government:
1. Supporting economic development; 2. Improving rural livelihoods and reducing poverty; 3. Producing environmental services and benefits.