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Forest of Myanmar

Myanmar is a country located on the West of the Southeast area region. It’s total area of 653,290㎢ of land is covered with 311,538㎢ of forest land. While the country is bountiful with natural forests, home to diverse biological species and resources. However, Myanmar is also the country with the second largest forest loss in size among the ASEAN Member States. Between the years 2005-2010 alone, Myanmar has lost 3,100㎢ of forest land.
Myanmar’s forests can be divided into 6 categories : Mixed Deciduous Forest, Hill and Temperate Evergreen Forest, Tropical Evergreen Forest, Dry Forest, Deciduous Idaing, Mangroves, and etc. There are 252 species of mammals, 1,056 species of birds, 295 species of reptiles, 119 species of amphibians, 775 species of fishes living in Myanmar. Flora species of Myanmar consist of 11,824 species of plants inhabit Myanmar’s rich forests.

Myanmar’s forests are an important part of its people’s livelihood. Over 70 percent of the total population of the country live in rural areas depending on forests to provide them with fuel, shelter, and food.

Understanding the importance of forests to its people, the government of Myanmar planned and implemented the 30-year Comprehensive Master Plan (2001-2002 to 2030-2031) to systematically implement the Myanmar Forestry Department’s four main tasks : Establishment of Forest Plantation, Protection of Remaining Natural Forest, Utilization of Fuel Wood Substitute, and Water Resources Development. Other reforestation activities include Nation-wide Tree Planting Programs.

Myanmar has also acknowledged the need for sustainable development through the implementation of Agenda 21 as part of the Myanmar Environment Policy. Myanmar Agenda 21 aims to provide various forms of debating avenues for the establishment of a collective vision, provide a framework for negotiation, mediation, and consensus-building within the country, provide strategies and implementation plans, and provide frameworks for the development of organizational capacities and institutions for sustainable development.