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Forest of Singapore

Singapore is 700㎢ in size with a forest area of 23㎢ which is 3 percent of the total country area. Despite its relatively smaller size, the country has continuously made efforts and succeeded to preserve and restore its biological diversity. There are 52 species of mammals, 364 species of birds, 98 species of reptiles, 28 species of amphibians, 68 species of freshwater fishes and Flora consists of 3,971 species of vascular plants. Forestry issues are the responsibility of the National Parks Board of Singapore.


Most of Singapore’s primary forests had been lost due to clearance for plantations during its colonization period. During the country’s urban develop in the 1970s, the government of Singapore emphasized the importance of greening the country along with its economic development. The establishment of the Parks and Recreation “Division” as a “Department” initiated the movement to develop Singapore as a Garden City. Throughout the years, the National Parks Board has initiated various activities to establish national parks around Singapore.